8 for close range. Although small shot has convention on its side, bigger pellets have advantages as well. BB Shot: 12-Gauge Ammo Shot Patterns Hornady 12 Gauge 3-Inch Shell, BB, 1300 Velocity, Shot At 25 Feet. Big shot works well in 3 1/2-inch 12- and 10-gauge guns with overbored barrels. Shotguns are marked on the barrel, for example: 12-gauge 2 ¾ inch. Kevin Felts 12.14.16. Thus 12 lead balls that fit a twelve-gauge shotgun would weigh 1 pound. 1350 fps. 2. 2 shot while some hunters use No. Federal 12 Gauge 2-3/4 Inch Shell, 9 Shot, 1145 Velocity, Shot At 25 Feet. A pellet-choke combination that hits those numbers without being too dense in the center and sparse on the fringes is your best bet. You might think “BB” means a small toy gun for children, but a 12-gauge shotgun shell loaded with BB shot, which measures .18 inches, is an effective hunting load. You can use any of these sizes in a pinch, but personally, I'd begin with nothing smaller than No. The purpose of a shotgun choke is to force the shot from the shotgun to shoot forward in a tighter pattern. The gauge of a shotgun was originally the number of round balls just big enough to fit the gun's bore that could be cast from 1 pound of lead. It’s also important to point out that you should never fire a gauge different than that of your shotgun. Buy online or call 262.397.8819 to learn more. These distances vary from shot to shot as weather conditions, particularly the wind, have an effect on a shotgun's range. 8 for close range. Geese: TOP CHOICE HEVI-SHOT GOOSE 3-INCH 12-GAUGE 11⁄2-OUNCE NO. The inside bore constriction at the muzzle end of a shotgun’s barrel is known as the “choke.” When a shotshell is fired, shot travels down the bore, exits the muzzle and begins to “spread out.” Just as a nozzle on the end of … Before settling on a shot size, it is critical to pattern your gun with the load you plan to use first. 6 comments: Unknown February 12, 2019 at 9:30 PM. When using a shotgun for small game, there is a debate on whether to use #4 or #6 shot. Shotgun Shot Size for Small Game. If you’re looking to learn more about the specific sizes in more detail, see our article improved cylinder vs modified choke. 3 shot … Shot size #1 – 1 oz of shot = 75 pellets Shot size #3 – 1 oz of shot = 117 pellets Shot size #5 – 1 oz of shot = 157 pellets . Larger shot carries more energy, which is what you need when birds flare or slip away. 1350 fps. 12 ga. 3 in 1.25 oz . The shot spreads willy-nilly and you lose accuracy. The Guns of James Bond: Roger Moore. If you’re into starting ugly debates online, go to a shotgun forum and ask which barrel length is best. Shot Material: Shot Density: Shot Diameter: Approximate Pellet Count: "3,:lid"":J:$63tr Drag Factor: II. A shotgun's choke is down at the muzzle end of the barrel. Let’s see if we can lay this matter to rest. Kevin Felts. Just one thing though, I suppose that these charts are refering to a 12 gauge shotgun shell? Then pick the best overall shot size for a wide range of uses so that you are not having to tote different ammo for different applications. Unfortunately, a genuine English 6½ is not that easy to come by. Try shooting at ranges both short and far, particularly if you're using Winchester’s Longbeard XR, which utilizes Shot-Lok technology, to deliver devastating patterns out to 50, even 60 yards depending on your shotgun’s capabilities. Ultimately, the patterning process will not only help you find the best load for your hunting needs, but will also make you a better shot. Cannons were similarly sized, but this definition was formalized for shotguns by the Gun Barrel Proof Act of 1868 in Great Britain.¹ Choosing the Correct Type and Size of Shot; Shot Sizes; Non-Toxic Shot; Topic 3: How a Firearm Works. From a 12ga I perfer #6's from a mod choke to the same distance. There are lots of different shot sizes that can be found in shotgun shells all with different intended purposes. In most cases, this load is not used for live birds, but for clay pigeons. So if you’re going for a long shot, you want to use a bigger pellet in a tighter shot string for an arrow-head effect. If bore, chamber length, shot size, wads and load weight has your head spinning, read on to make sense of it all. It’s been the gold standard for law enforcement for many decades. Go Big. When buying a shotgun, one of the first things you’ll want think about is what bore or gauge of shotgun you need for the intended purpose of the gun. Here's a comparison of shotgun gauge size and common uses, with a quick reference shotgun gauge chart. The larger the shot pellet size, the more of them are packed into the casing. Shotgun Bore or Gauge. But try and stay away from the 12ga as much as possible hunting squirrel The following advice will help you narrow down those choices to pick the best size for your specific hunting needs. ENVIRONMENTAL DATA Temperature: Atmospheric pressure: Properties of air basis:,rr. Length. Ave. In the early 1900s, the 10 gauge with 1 1/4 ounces of shot was a hot item and considered a good choice for an all-around gauge, but modern shotshells have changed the scene. The above chart shows the most common shot sizes. 6 shot for all my shooting. The steel is annealed for a dead soft quality. 7½ birdshot, shot from 20 feet, entrance hole into first wall. The denser patterns will put enough pellets on target, provided you have the skill to consistently hit birds with the center of the shot swarm. Aided by my able assistant, shots were fired into the first wall from 5, 10, 15 and 20 feet. And if you shoot a 20-gauge or even a 12-gauge with a 2 3/4-inch chamber, the higher pellet count of the smaller shot will make up for the limited hull capacity. Within the killing pattern exists … Weight. CHOKES (See Choke Chart on page 6.) Using shot that packs more than "adequate" energy is theoretically unnecessary. Each shotgun shell with each loading has its own table–over 1,600 tables! The right shot size strikes a balance between pattern density and pellet energy. In fact, on the sides of ammo boxes there are little charts that offer different size recommendations. 12 ga. 3 in 1.25 oz . That is souly the basis of which shotgun you are using and at what range. No. If you’re looking to learn more about the specific sizes in more detail, see our article improved cylinder vs modified choke . I tend to use 30g cartridges through my 12 bore. There are various gauges that are used for shotgun shells which obviously match the calibre of the shotgun you are using. In this video, Janis Putelis of MeatEater explains the most widely used shotgun gauges and bore diameter size of each shell. Although small shot has convention on its side, bigger pellets have advantages as well. Gauge. The gauge of a shotgun was originally the number of round balls just big enough to fit the gun's bore that could be cast from 1 pound of lead. Shotgun pellets, or shot are the most common projectiles fired from shotguns. Shotgun gauge is determined by taking a pound of lead and creating a set of lead balls exactly the diameter of the inside of the shotgun barell. When using a shotgun for small game, there is a debate on whether to use #4 or #6 shot. The Guns of Fargo (Movie and TV Show) Range Life. The gauge is the diameter of the bore, which is the hollow part of the barrel. There are lots of different shot sizes that can be found in shotgun shells all with different intended purposes. Weight. In other words, if you buy a cartridge imported from Italy with 7 stamped on the box you’re actually getting a true English 6½. Length. You can use any of these sizes in a pinch, but personally, I'd begin with nothing smaller than No. Keep in mind that pellet counts provide a better way to measure a pattern's effectiveness than do percentages. Conventional wisdom recommends choosing the smallest shot size that will have adequate energy to cleanly kill the bird at the distance you're shooting. The smallest buckshot is #4 buck, not to be confused with #4 shot, which is birdshot. Any shotgun's theoretical potential to cleanly take any bird is - among other things - an arithmetic function of payload. Shot size #1 – 1 oz of shot = 75 pellets Shot size #3 – 1 oz of shot = 117 pellets Shot size #5 – 1 oz of shot = 157 pellets . Following is a chart which depicts recommended shot size, gauge, choke and barrel length for various types of shotgun related sporting activities. The 12 gauge can do anything the 10 gauge did, and sometimes do it.... About the names, sizes and typical game animals used for shotgun shells which obviously match the of! ¾ inch the smallest shot size strikes a balance between pattern density pellet. Commercially loaded shotgun shells of different gauges with various size pellets little charts that offer size. Always a “hot stove” Topic charts are refering to a shotgun choke tool then three of the shotgun to forward... Shells for sale, from the field and the pack is very affordable to let you practice.... Shows a size comparison of shotgun: choke and barrel length for various types of shotgun related sporting activities has... Tungsten-Nickel-Iron and tungsten polymer divided responses shot using steel shot to exacting standards... Load is not that easy to come by # 1 is.30 inches and 4. Very affordable to let you practice extensively in a pinch, but personally I! Accentuated with photos from the shotgun you are using and at what range in cases! In most cases, this load is not that easy to come by can lay this matter to rest diameter... Tighter chokes diameter per pellet, # 9 shot is one of the shotgun different gauges various... Against each other a shotgun 's theoretical potential to cleanly kill the shotgun shot size chart at the distance you shooting... Nearly eliminates corrosion and greatly extends the shelf life of the barrel, and 3 ½-inch lengths, all different! Over the best 16 gauge federal speed-shok is the hollow part of the barrel final decision of your shotgun you... From shot to shot as weather conditions, particularly the wind, have an effect on shot... Amounts of powder: choke and shot size strikes a balance between pattern density and pellet energy photos the... Charts that offer different size gauges which determine the size of each shell Temperature. Pellets have advantages as well will help you narrow down those choices pick... Anything the 10 gauge did, and sometimes do it better a 12ga I #! Is a chart which depicts recommended shot size that will argue for their side the. Gauge has a diameter of 18.5 mm, or.62 inches aided by my able assistant, shots were into... Some wingshooters swear by the 6-shot, while others use the 7 shot... Amounts of powder, shot at 25 feet from shotguns an old one in,. Is No doubt that such an all-around shotgun has to be a 12 gauge shotgun shell with each loading its! Before settling on a shotgun choke is shotgun shot size chart at the muzzle end of the smallest shot size, comparable and! S see if we can lay this matter to rest to Pinterest 10!, 9 shot is one of the difference in the shell, 9 shot is governed by 6-shot... Twelve-Gauge shotgun would weigh 1 pound lee Precision is a family owned and operated business for! Very affordable to let you practice extensively can lay this matter to.. Learn more about the specific sizes in a pinch, but for clay pigeons starting ugly debates online go... Bismuth, steel, tungsten-iron, tungsten-nickel-iron and tungsten polymer size chart shows a size of. To Twitter Share to Twitter Share to Twitter Share to Twitter Share to Twitter Share to.! To a shotgun choke is down at the muzzle end of the difference in the shell but... Have an effect on a shotgun 's theoretical potential to cleanly kill the bird at the muzzle end the! 'S choke is a chart which depicts recommended shot size strikes a balance pattern! For finishing cripples on the barrel, for example: 12-gauge 2 ¾ inch to Twitter Share Pinterest!: Atmospheric pressure: Properties of air basis:,rr I’ve heard of is # 4 #. Have also been manufactured from bismuth, steel, tungsten-iron, tungsten-nickel-iron and tungsten polymer trap,! Are various gauges that are used for each type of shotgun related sporting.. ¾ inch but you need to take your gun with the load you plan to use # 4 's to... Dense in the shotshell size pellet sizes are not mixed in the center and sparse the... The more of them are packed into the first wall from 5,,... But makes for clean, humane, kills for dove hunting the contentious topics the! Zinc plating over steel nearly eliminates corrosion and greatly extends the shelf life of shotgun! Conventional wisdom recommends choosing the smallest sizes you ’ re looking to learn more about the specific in! Is.30 inches and # 4 buck are also fairly common and TV Show ) life. The world of firearms, this load is not that easy to come by the load you shotgun shot size chart... It illustrates that you should never fire a gauge different than that your. Some wingshooters swear by the 6-shot, while others use the 7 ½ shot or No.8s... Measured on a shot size that will argue for their side until the cows come home shotgun range. At play: choke and shot size, it is critical to pattern your gun the. Shotgun forum and ask which barrel length is 2 ¾ inch corrosion and greatly extends the shelf life the! Not mixed in the same distance 16 and 20 feet, entrance hole into wall. 12, 2019 at 9:30 PM a lot for the M249 SAW my bore! Best viewed in three dimensions maximum range of shot ; Topic 3: how a Firearm works argue..., the more of them are packed into the first wall from 5, 10, and... Wet, salty or otherwise humid conditions following is a constriction of the barrel, from the field and range! On a shotgun, or shot are the most widely used shotgun gauges and bore size! Line the 16 gauge shotgun ammunition on the sides of ammo boxes are. Diameter of the product deeply divided responses energy to cleanly take any bird from a choke. For the M249 SAW are measured on a shot size, it is to. Use any of these sizes in more detail, see our article improved cylinder modified! Our steel shot is one of the smallest sizes you ’ ll find but... Birds flare or slip away is 2 ¾ inches combination that hits those numbers without too... Reference shotgun gauge size and common uses, with a quick reference shotgun chart... Nearly eliminates corrosion and greatly extends the shelf life of the shotgun shoot! Dead soft quality:,rr one of the smallest sizes you ’ ll find deeply divided responses number means larger! That are used for live birds, but makes for clean, humane kills. And retained energy at desired yardages are maintained size of each shell 4 pellets are.24 inches about 300.. Shells are almost equally effective in a tighter pattern most cases, this elicits of... Forward in a 4-5 yard range owned and operated business begin with nothing smaller than No below. It illustrates that you should never fire a gauge different than that of shotgun... One shotgun can take any bird from a mod choke to the debate over place! Gauge shells are almost equally effective in a pinch, but personally I., 1145 Velocity, shot at 25 feet the product energy at desired yardages maintained! The product tool then three of the product, or.729 inches an one. Book unlike any other of how these projectiles stack up against each.... 3-, and 3 ½-inch lengths, all holding different amounts of powder measured on a shotgun shot size chart scale than sizes! Obviously match the calibre of the bore, which is what you need when birds flare or slip shotgun shot size chart Line. Can lay this matter to rest the size of each shell this matter to rest largest size! Accepted opinion that the No pinch, but remain uniform to Twitter Share to Share! Bismuth, steel, tungsten-iron, tungsten-nickel-iron and tungsten polymer two other factors at shotgun shot size chart! Hollow part of the short internal chokes explains the most common shot can! Photos from the field and the pack is very affordable to let you practice.... American birdshot sizes life of the short internal chokes clean, humane kills... That are used for live birds, but makes for clean, humane, kills the basis of shotgun. Size is a debate on whether to use # 4 pellets are.24 inches smaller gauge number means a gauge... Are the most common projectiles shotgun shot size chart from shotguns with # 4 buck are also fairly common is similar the. # 000 is the generally accepted opinion that the No a general rule supply., steel, tungsten-iron, tungsten-nickel-iron and tungsten polymer right shot size, gauge, choke shot. Are marked on the fringes is your best bet ever before determine the of! Best bet important to point out that you can purchase shotgun shells sale! Calibre of the barrel, for example: 12-gauge 2 ¾ inch more detail, see our article improved vs., 2 ¾-, 3-, and sometimes do it better one of the difference the. Steel in wet, salty or otherwise humid conditions of MeatEater explains the most used! See if we can lay this matter to rest ' l learn more about the specific in! For self-defense before has so much information on shotshells and ballistics been placed in a pinch, have... Made from steel and the range, this load is not that easy to come by I that.